Ohio Neurologic Institute

Specializing in Neurologic and Sleep Disorders

 Low Carb Diet

Carbohydrates are simple and complex sugars and are abundant in the American diet. They comprise most of the calories we eat (usually at least 50-60%). Obviously reduction of this would lead to decreased caloric intake and weight loss

Carbohydrates cause insulin release from the pancreas so that sugars can get into the cells. The insulin released stops fat breakdown (i.e. insulin has an anti-lipolytic effect and stops fat breakdown otherwise known as lipolysis). So when you take in a lot of sugar, insulin is released which causes your body to make fat and prevents your body from breaking down fat (i.e. insulin has an anti-lipolytic effect).

Low– carb diets decrease the amount of carbohydrate intake and therefore total caloric intake.  With less available carbohydrate, insulin release from the pancreas is decreased.  With less insulin around, the anti-lipolytic influence of insulin is decreased allowing for lipolysis (fat breakdown). When patients burn fat they make ketone bodies and can get into a state known as ketosis.  This can decrease a persons appetite or in some cases even cause nausea.  There have been many recent very popular diets on this concept (Atkins, Sugar busters, etc.). 

 

 

 

All information included in this website is posted as a courtesy service to current and prospective patients and their families. Information here should not be substituted for direct advise from a physician or a physician’s representative. If unclear about your medical condition, you should contact your physician immediately.

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